In terms of answering the question from this week tutorial presentation, ‘Do you think web marriage should be prohibited?’ my view is that this is a controversial topic as there are good and bad perspective towards it.
From the positive side, web marriage allows people to perform different roles in virtual world. Since no one knows who you really are, people can choose gender, identity and all other feature to play different roles as part of online society. Because it is all anonymous there is no need to worry about personal image or any other misgivings in the virtual world. Moreover, this kind of game can fulfils the psychological needs that could not be obtained in real life because of financial and social constraints. Especially for teenagers who curious about future family living, marriage game may well introduce them what and how to face their future particularly when there is a problem in occur.
On the other hand, online game is always criticised for wasting time and play with people’s mind. As been going often on the news, there are lots of innocent girls were killed or insulted by stranger known from online society. This may bought attention to online safety issue where personal identity is really hard to be recognized. Additionally, research found out that in visual marriage may cause actual marriage breakdown as people are too into virtual world and forget about reality. Living with theoretical live may cause people to create hallucinate and leads to real life consequences.
The following link is an example of online marriage adviser website, it advises people with marital conflicts and ways to store love. I found this is helpful to those who addicted to web marriage game players because this is another way to learn how to deal with marriage and it save the cost of legal advice to intermediary as well.
This weeks presentation topic on Chinese sexual culture provided some interesting unknown facts which i previously didnt know about the Chinese culture whilst also reinforcing existing experiences which i have encountered.
Little did i know that currently there are actually more sex shops in China that in the western world and that the sex toy industry is in fact a $2 billion a year industry. This is a staggeringly high figure and something which i previously didnt know at all.
I also did not know about the presence of the Super Girl tv show and the repercussions such shows have had on the Chinese female culture. The concept of “mobile sexuality” and the ability for females in China to essentially chose what gender they want to be gives sexuality and gender a dynamic aspect that i previously would not have understood. This has mainly come about due to the portrayal of females in the media such as through the Super Girl tv show.
Lastly one aspect i did already know about was the popularity of online simulation games. I have previously heard a lot about these games where people essentially live out an alternate life and get married with another virtual character to start a family. I have also seen these games being played by some of my own relatives. Personally I myself am not interested in these games but it was really interesting to discover all the effects these games can have on individuals such as negative social and psychological impacts
This article written by McLaren (2007) named ‘Online intimacy in a Chinese setting’ is found to be attractive and justified to me in terms of the argument it presented was really reflecting the Chinese social phenomenon.
As the internet has spread widely and rapidly in China since 1987, more and more Chinese citizens start to rely on the function of the network, communicating through means of internet becomes even popular. In this article, a digital game called web marriage was discussed because of its controversial impact on youth society. It refers to a website that seeks to replicate the offline experience between the parties and create online visual relationships. Supporter argues that this game can fulfil people’s psychological needs that cannot be obtained in real life due to financial and social constraints, whereas the opponent claims that internet game offers young people lack of independency and responsibility, it impacted on youth real life perspective and obsession with the network result in poor performance at school.
Positive arguments towards this website discussing that web marriage can take people away from loneliness, and satisfies the need for emotional fulfilment. Moreover, young people are at the stage of meeting with different social contact, the experience in visual game may prompt a concept of what will be in the real life. An experimental example was given by McLaren indicates that 38 per cent of inmates has changed their attitude towards actual marriage after undergoing web marriage (2007, p 411). Personally, this can be purely understood as I was grown up in China. Because of one child policy many teenagers have found feelings of loneliness and lack of communication with the outside world also result them become obsessed to internet. Because what can be learnt from internet is unlimited, people enjoy the role they acted in web games, experiencing the feelings of getting married or divorced may have impact on their social attitude in the future. As cited in article, Chinese sex education is not as open as in the west (McLaren, 2007, p.419). Young people trying to obtain that information through the means of online community and that is also one of the reason why web marriage game was so popular.
On the other hand, it is always said that indulge in the network is harmful to one’s health especially to the youth party. Virtual world is lack of responsibility compare to the real world, even though the ‘social sanctions’ and ‘a sense of shame’ are greatly reduced in online identity (Karsten, 2003). Taking responsible to others is less concerned since everything is just visualised. Moreover, McLaren argues that intimate language to be used in visual marriage may cause actual marriage breakdown and abused moral code (2007, p. 413). Living in a virtual world will make people feel incorporeal, indeed, there is no real responsibility needs to be taken in those online games, it is easier to break up with someone online than in the real life (The Economist, 2006). However, these conducts may result in real life consequences such that breaking relationships between couples.
In summary, there is good and bad voice stand for online visual games. In case of China where sexual education is not widely opened, it is possible for teenagers start learning some knowledge and play different roles before step into the society. Nevertheless, wisely control the personal identity between real life and visual world needs to be takes into account.
Giese, Karsten (2003) Construction and performance of virtual identity in the Chinese internet, in K.C. Ho, R. Kluver and K.C.C. Yang (eds), Asia.com: Asia encounters the internet, pp. 193–210 (London: Routledge).
McLaren, E, A 2007, ‘Asian Studies Review’, Online Intimacy in a Chinese Setting, December, p. 409–422
‘The Economist’, Special report, 2006, Virtual online worlds, Living a Second Life, Accessed 21st September 2012, Source: from http://www.economist.com/node/7963538
The book written by Louise Edwards and Mina Roces is about how the politics of dress has been incorporated in constructions of nationhood in both Asia and the Americas, and
reveals how politicians and political regimes (including tribal, revolutionary, authoritarian, colonial, and democratic) manipulate sumptuary practices in order to create national identities, to legitimise hierarchies of power or to build personal political identities. In tackling these broad themes over two centuries, the editors and contributors grapple with gender politics; in particular, how men and women’s dress reflect their political and economic position in the nation-states. This collection of pioneering essays – the first volume in the Sussex Library of Asian Studies – explores the transnational nature of dress in a host of different locations and shows how changing dress codes have long been conversations between cultures. It brings the politics of dress into contemporary times and engages directly with the topical issues of dress legislation in the twenty-first century. Country case studies include: China, Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, Burma, Japan, Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Native America, Latin America and Argentina. The invention of national dress has an important aspect of nation-building projects in Asia and the Americas. In India, Emma Tarlo documented many experiments with India dress in the quest for the fashion apparel that would most represent the “India”.
In this week’ tutorial, we listened a presentation about Chinese Contemporary Arts. Mao is the most influential person who leads china and was the first chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. In his life, he made huge contributions to China in terms of politics, economy, society and diplomacy .He leads China to defeat the Japanese invader and has unified China’s Mainland. On October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong stood on the Tiananmen Rostrum and declared to the world: The People’s Republic of China is established formally. Additionally, He correctly understood the nature of revolution in underdeveloped countries and laid out the line and strategy of New Democratic Revolution and protracted people’s war.
Like other greatest person in the world, Mao also made mistakes in his late life such as the Cultural Revolution. He launched many mass movements. Many people were persecuted and the society was unstable. Further growth of economy was obstructed. However, the contributions he made are far more than the mistakes. And I believe the decision he made was according to the situation of China. Satisfied with everyone is impossible. We shouldn’t neglect the contributions Mao made as every Chinese knows that no Mao, no new China.
This week, we have learned about Chinese contemporary arts. As most people known, Chairman Mao is the greatest person in China. Before he established the People’s Republic of China in 1949, there are many revolutions occurred in China. The Chinese army under the leadership of Mao flighted against Japanese lasting for eight years. After defeating external enemies, in order to obtain the leadership and greatest power of China, the internal war happened between two parties. It ended up with the victory of the Communist Party. Therefore, most of arts produced during this age were about revolutions, and Mao’s spirit is the core of the arts during revolution stage, his spirit encourage the Chinese people go forward constantly.
However, I heard some western people think the impact of Mao is relatively negative. They think he make Chinese people not only respect him, but watch him. He control people’s mind and actions, even one sentence from him, can make the things change. He has the supreme power in China, which is against democracy and equality. Cultural Revolution is always to be an example or evidence to support some western people’s opinions. But in my opinions, as a Chinese, there is no doubt that Chairman Mao is the greatest person in China. Even though he had made some mistakes when he was old, we need to know Chairman Mao is the leader of china, but he is still a normal person, everyone could make mistakes during lifetime, including Chairman Mao. I know ten years Cultural Revolution brought some negative impact on China, Chinese, even treated some good persons unjustly, but there still is a fact we must remember, which is if no Chairman Mao, no new China. Based on his right and practical strategies, he lead Chinese people move towards to a new China. That’s why Chinese, especially last generations respect Chairman Mao very much, because he save their life and bring them a better life.
As everyone known, China is a country with huge population. Maybe the other countries can’t imagine how hard to manage such a big country. We must apply the strategies and policies which are suit for our national conditions, even though these may cause some differences with other countries’ view. I think there is no right or wrong over the country issues. Every country needs to apply suitable and feasible strategies and policies to make their country better, and try their best to provide people a better life.
There were some significant periods of Chinese Contemporary Art. During Socialist realism in China, there was a famous man called Zedong Mao, who was the chairman of China. At that period, Mr. Mao was the spirit of Chinese, he leading the people fight with Japan, and won the war, then he became to the Chairman of the People’s republic of China. It can be said that Mao leading Chinese step into a new generation. Therefore, during that period, Mao was the hero of China, the contemporary art showing Mao leading each Chinese connect together as a large family for fighting, learning, celebreating.
Moreover, at 1979, it was the beginning of Chinese Contemporary Art established by Deng’s open door policy. In addition, during 1980s, a most experimental period of Chinese Contemporary Art because the western ideas dissolved in, it was also a very colorful period. The Chinese artists started contact with the western culture, the western ideas and combined with Chinese traditional art, thus a new Chinese Contemporary Art been created.
The next imporatnt period would began with 2000, the Chinese government became a new member adding into, itself takes a different look of the contemporary art during the experimental period. The Chinese contemporary art continues developing depends on the different time period.