The culture on Chinese youth sexual has been changed significantly. In the past, especially during Mao period, holding hands and hugging in the public place were been prohibited, counted as a kind of crime. There was no any adult shop in China. However, in the Modern times, the amounts of adult shops in Beijing are more than in New York. Chinese are free to enter the adult shop in every corner of China. Furthermore, Chinese youth enjoy the night club life, drinking, chatting among friends. In addition, a survey highlighted that the number of having one-night standard among Chinese youth have been increased dramatically. The generation of Chinese sexual culture happened due to the Great Culture of China, and the ‘one child’ policy.
More over, Yuchun Li as a popular idol among Chinese youth, who is a female has the tomboy identity not only on stage performance but also in her daily life. Youth like Li because Li braves to challenge the Chinese tradition, to display her personality, just being herself. This characteristic would be the fashion among Chinese youth.
Move over, getting marriage on the online games being another popular factor among Chinese youth. Because people have no duty to this marriage, they could divorce immediately after getting marriage if they do not want be together. And the game has no limitation on this at all. Youth could enjoy another type of life during the online game, doing the thing they could not do in the daily life, to satisfy themselves.
In conclusion, the Chinese youth culture would continue changing in this contemporary China. However, the government should regulate on the sexual education of youth.
‘Cuteness in Japan’ is a very interesting topic, cuteness is term of word to describe something in round shape, soft and tiny. As spread knowledge stated that Japan as a fashion country full of cuteness stuff, including clothes, food, toys. ‘Kawaii’ is the word of cuteness in Japanese. On the street, girls like shutting ‘kawaii, kawaii’ when they are seeing some very cute, like a new type of food, a lovely toy or clothes. Not the Japanese like kawaii stuff but also the majority of youth especially girls prefer cuteness things worldwide.
Japan is the home country of ‘Hello Kitty’ that is a lovely toy cat, which could be the symbol of cuteness. Now, it is a ‘Hello Kitty’ shop in Japan with pink color background, selling anything related with ‘Hello Kitty’ includes soft toy, stationary, sticks, clothes, accessions and more. That shop would be attractive to each girl who loves ‘Hello Kitty’. During the recession of economy, the cuteness stuff might leads an increasing in the sales, has positive impact to the economy.
More over, the cuteness not only in the shop in Japan it also appears in Japanese daily life, such as Bento box, which means the single-portion takeout or home-packed meal. It is a kind of lunch box usually made by female for their children, boyfriends and husbands. Japanese like adding cuteness element into the Bento, made the red sausages into little octopus, and put the simple rice into models to make little cute cartoon person, to make the Bento box more funny and colorful, in order to attract people to enjoy the lunch.
Furthermore, cute element is also appears in some official situation. For example, Tokyo police put a cute fish on to a road notice without any meaning. There are some arguments for and against this behavior. Some support points illustrated that cute fish influence the drivers have happiness mind, to help them relax. On the other hand, there are some against view says the road notice as the government published should be official and formal, it is not an advertisement. Finally, although there are many different sounds about this issue, however we could see that Japan is a country full of cute elements in the daily life.
There are many special national dresses in Asia, such as famous Qipao in China, the women in Islam have to wear the veil with their daily clothing, and the interesting Japanese clothing culture.
Firstly, Qipao was designed for embodying the body shape of women, therefore it was very popular in China specially for some rich women in the past. It is a kind of fashion called ‘Fu Gu’ very popular in China recently, means people are searching and liking something very famous in the past for now. Which leads Qipao become popular again recently in China, women are buying Qipao, however not for daily wearing very often, particularly for the party and event. Furthermore, some designer using the element of Qipao to design the fashion clothes not only for Chinese but also for western women. Thus, Qipao would not only a symbol of Chinese national dress but also become a kind of fashion worldwide.
More over, in Japan, it has their own traditional dress such as the kimono and Western dress as the national dresses. Japanese women were wearing Western clothes in the public and being Japanese styles at home. In addition, Western dress had become a ‘modern’ sign for Japanese men since early 20th century. The APEC 2010 inJapan, everyone was wearing a Western suit, which shows now the Western dress comes as the formal dress in Japan for men and women.
Finally, in Islam, there is a connection between religion and clothing fashion. The provision of religion shows veiling is necessary for women at public place in Islam, they could draw the veils off their faces and only display their beauty to men in the family, for example fathers, husbands and sons. More over, Western clothing shows the freedom and individuality when it compares with veiling, which represents a sign of backwardness. Thus it could say veiling infringes women’s freedom and personality.
In conclusion, the national dress in Asia shows the cultures and tradition of each different country. However, this was not a reality gap between national dress and Western clothes. These two could combined together to create a new fashion of clothing in Asia and in Western countries.
From reading the articles and materials about the Chinese youth sexual culture, which indicated that was a significant change from the past to now, and it will still continually changing in contemporary China. Furthermore, it also highlights and explains why those changes happened by introduce the tomboy idol, Yuchun Li, the winner of Super Girl 2005.
In the past, Chinese female students dressed up like the boys, with short hair cut. Mr. Mao indicated any huge and kiss action between couples in the public would have very bad influence, like the enemy. However, Chinese young people are enjoying the night club and one-night stand. The adult shop sells sex toy exists in every corner of China. The western view on the reasons of causing Chinese sexual revolution was culture revolution of China and ‘one child policy’. It illustrated the Cultural Revolution of China oppressed the Chinese view on sexual, which being the foundation of sexual liberation in the future. In addition, ‘one child policy’ affected Chinese women disengaged from the heavy work of having many babies and take care of the large family, gain more time and energy to enjoy their lives, therefore leading Chinese female became the major nucleus of the sexual revolution.
China Super Girl is the most successful program in the history of Chinese television, which is a kind of singing contest. During the final of 2005, the amount of audiences came to more than four hundred million to watch the show. This highlighted how big the influence was on Chinese young girls. The winner of 2005 was Yuchun Li with no make-up, short hair and flat chest, singing the songs wrote specially for male singer. As a self-confessed tomboy, Li has unshared in the ‘era of androgyny’ in Chinese popular culture. In addition, Li dressed up in a recognizably male costume on the stage, and she maintains her persona by wearing men’s T-shirts, shoes and pants off stage, reflects of female masculinity. This became a symbol of rebellion and being the fashion among Chinese youths. Furthermore, the current young Chinese women see Li as a role model and identify with her because Li is selecting for being herself, defying traditional Chinese femininity.
More over, another important term in this issue is ‘mobile sexuality’, which could be defined as changeable between male and female different sexuality. For example, the cross-dressing photo center, customers could dress up in his/her opposite sex. One major cause should be the ‘one child policy’, Chinese government applied ‘one child policy’ to control the population. Chinese traditional thought is biasing for boys, which leads that much more men than women, most of the men would not find a wife and have a family. Furthermore, due to the Chinese youth are tend to find a way to embrace individuality, to present ‘cool’ and ‘hooligans’, in order to challenge traditional masculinity and femininity, that could be the reason why Yuchun Li as a tomboy idol is raising a new gender role of androgyny not only in China but also in pan-Asian media cultures.
To concluse, from the western view, that Culture revolution of China and ‘one child policy’ cause the Chinese sexual revolution. Furthermore, Chinese government starts the sexual much more early than before and pay more attention on it should be another reason. More over, Yuchun Li as a tomboy idol raising the new popular gender culture among the Chinese youth, being rebellion, representing cool and hooligans, challenge traditional Chinese culture on masculinity and femininity leading to a new generation of Chinese youth sexuality culture.
There were some significant periods of Chinese Contemporary Art. During Socialist realism in China, there was a famous man called Zedong Mao, who was the chairman of China. At that period, Mr. Mao was the spirit of Chinese, he leading the people fight with Japan, and won the war, then he became to the Chairman of the People’s republic of China. It can be said that Mao leading Chinese step into a new generation. Therefore, during that period, Mao was the hero of China, the contemporary art showing Mao leading each Chinese connect together as a large family for fighting, learning, celebreating.
Moreover, at 1979, it was the beginning of Chinese Contemporary Art established by Deng’s open door policy. In addition, during 1980s, a most experimental period of Chinese Contemporary Art because the western ideas dissolved in, it was also a very colorful period. The Chinese artists started contact with the western culture, the western ideas and combined with Chinese traditional art, thus a new Chinese Contemporary Art been created.
The next imporatnt period would began with 2000, the Chinese government became a new member adding into, itself takes a different look of the contemporary art during the experimental period. The Chinese contemporary art continues developing depends on the different time period.
From reading the interesting document of India visual culture, knowing that like few other Asian countries, as China and North Korea, in India, the government controls and owns the television, thus created a special Indian television system that called Doordarshan.
Initially, Indian television was the educational medium tool from early 1950s for school student and farmers basically. With the improving on technology, television medium came into vibrant life during the Asian Olympics in New Delhi of 1982, the game been transmitted colorfully to every corners of India.
The term of Doordarshanmeans distant vision, which provides the image of Indian culture. There are two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, including Mahabharata and Ramayana. Mahabharata is the longest Sanskrit epic in India, once it been showed on television it became to the well-known ‘religious soap opera’, the primary effect of serialization based on put Mahabharata on television of Doordarshan was bring the famous story to the audience every week, which contains much philosophical material. In addition, one of the important functions of Doordarshan was spreading didactics in India, however it no longer only take the role since the stories came alive, and the actors from Mahabharata became welcoming icons at that time in India, Mahabharata attracted millions of Indian be home every Sunday. Furthermore, it could be said another significant of serialization was to connect a repetitive starting and closing parts to episode.
Moreover, the word “Mahavharat’ been repeated three times on television, the word also appeared on the screen by three different languages. Firstly, in Hindi then in English, finally in Urdu. From that point, it highlighted two primary religions in India, which are Hinduism and Islam. Furthermore, it also illustrated the English been used and understood among the majority party in India.
Among the above, the visual text bring the color, sound, action to people, which gave Mahabharata a new life to show the well-known Indian epics not only to India but also to the whole world, as well as bring the special Indian national’s image to the world, which gives others the basic image of how India looks like, what is the India epics. Therefore, that raised a interesting issue, ‘in which way helps people understand the issue better by visual text like movies or written text such as books?’ It should be said depends, visual text would catch watcher attention quicker than the words, also could help to understand Indian epics by watching the actors body languages and spoken languages. However, the written texts bring the detail to reader, which leaves the space of thinking to readers.
Finally, as we know, people always get news and information by watch television. Based on the state-controlled and state-owned television system in India, the same as in North Korea, citizen could only get the information which the government provides to them, thus which would influence of people’s thinking. Thus, from my side, that the government policy would be the major source influencing the country’s citizens. As lies Mahabharata on television, provides Sanskrit epics of ancient India to the audience.